Meat & Protein

What does a sustainable protein mix look like, and how can political and cultural sensitivities be navigated in order to get there? Current trajectories of meat, fish and dairy consumption are clearly unsustainable. According to the FAO, livestock accounts for 14.5% of global greenhouse emissions; cattle is responsible for 65% of this total. Meat and dairy consumption is rising fast in emerging countries, suggesting further increases in the environmental impacts of livestock. Nutritional advice often includes increases less meat and more fish consumption. However, wild fish stocks have been depleted in many parts of the world, while aquaculture also brings heavy feed requirements and significant environmental impacts.

Reflection is urgently required to clarify the impacts of current and emerging trends, including alternative protein sources, and to map out a pathway towards a sustainable protein nexus. IPES-Food will produce a report on the protein nexus in the 2018-2020 period.


All media
August 2018

From Lab to Fork

Metropole | Andrew Standen-Raz

May 2018

How to make global food systems more sustainable

Independent | Kathleen Kevany

October 2017

Hidden cost of feeding grain to farm animals to hit $1.32tn a year

The Guardian | Bibi van der Zee