REPORT: 'What makes urban food policy happen? Insights from five case studies'
Read the full report.
Read the executive summary.
IPES-Food published its first case studies report, What makes urban food policy happen? Insights from five case studies', on June 12, 2016.
The report draws lessons from the ways in which five cities around the world have developed urban food policies:
- Belo Horizonte's approach to food security (Brazil) was one of the first integrated food security policies in the world, and the dedicated food agency within city government has survived for over 20 years.
- The Nairobi Urban Agriculture Promotion and Regulation Act (Kenya) represents a U-turn on long-standing opposition to urban farming from city authorities. The 2015 legislation came on the back of civil society advocacy and a window of opportunity opened by constitutional reform in Kenya.
- The Amsterdam Approach to Healthy Weight (the Netherlands) requires all city government departments to contribute to addressing the structural causes of childhood obesity through their policies, plans and day-to-day working.
- The Golden Horseshoe Food and Farming Plan (Canada) involved establishment of an innovative governance body to promote collaboration between local governments within a city region, and other organizations with an interest in the food and farming economy.
- Detroit's Urban Agriculture Ordinance (US) required the City of Detroit to negotiate over State-level legislative frameworks so as to have the authority to regulate and support urban farming, a burgeoning activity in the city.
The main questions adressed in the report are:
- What have been the factors that have driven policy forward?
- What are the barriers to putting these policies in place and how have they been overcome?
- What can be learned from these experiences for addressing the multitude of food-related challenges in cities today, from waste to obesity, climate change to food safety?
Although these policies were all developed and delivered in very different contexts, the report's authors identified a number of factors that, time and again, were seen to drive policy forward.